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Mawlana Jalaludin Rumi

By Mawlana Shaykh Nazim Adil al-Haqqani
(Grandson of Mevlana Rumi)

"He is, people who do not have nothing,
I love him and I admire him, I chose
way and I looked away to the course. Every
people have a lover, he is my lover, lover
eternal. He is a man who I loved, he
so beautiful, oh she is the most perfect.
The people who loved him are lovers of
never dying. He is he and he and
they are her. This is a secret, if
you have love, you'll understand.

(Sulthanul Awliya Mawlana Shaykh Nazim Adil
al-Haqqani - grandson of Mevlana Rumi, Lefke, Cyprus
Turkey, September 1998)


Jalaluddin Rumi was the greatest Sufi poet of Persia .. Rumi's greatness lies in the depth of knowledge and ability to express feelings in a beautiful language. Because of the depth of his knowledge, the poetry of Rumi was also known for its depth of meaning. That is what caused the poems of Rumi's hard to match Sufi poet before or since. Rumi was not just a poet, but he was also influential Sufi figures of his day. Rumi is a Sufi teacher Maulawiah number, a congregation based in Turkey.

Rumi was not just a poet, but also a Sufi leaders are influential in her time. Rumi is teacher number one Tariqat Maulawiah, a Tariqat based in Turkey and the local surroundings. Maulawiah Tariqat been influential large in the environment and the Palace of the Ottoman Empire artists around the year l648.

As a Sufi leader, strongly opposed the deification of Rumi mind and the senses in determining the truth. In his time, Muslims are being affected by disease that. For them the new truth is considered correct if able to grasp by the senses and reason. Everything that can not be palpated by the senses and mind, with they quickly denied and not acknowledged.

According to Rumi, that's just kind of thinking which can undermine faith in something unseen.
And because of the influence of such thinking is also, credence to any substance that is not visible eyes, who taught a variety of laws and a variety divine religions, can become unstable.

Rumi said, "The orientation of the senses in entail any religious nature is the idea Mu'tazila group pioneered. They are the submissive slave to the five senses.
They thought she was included Ahlussunnah. Whereas, in fact nothing Ahlussunnah bound to the senses, and do not want too spoil. "

For Rumi, unfit negate something just because never see her or not never touched the senses. Indeed, the mind will always hidden behind the birth, such as benefits healing contained in the drug. "In fact, the born was always indicate that something is stored, hidden behind him. Is not You know the drug benefit? Is not purpose hidden in it? "said Rumi.

Fariduddin Attar, a Sufi figures, when Rumi met a new 5-year-old had predicted that the little one soon to be a great spiritual leader. Fariduddin predictions did not miss. Born in Balkh, Afghanistan in 604 AH / 30 September 1207 bearing the full name of Rumi Jalaluddin Muhammad ibn Muhammad al-Balkhi al-Qunuwi. The Rumi calls because most of his life was spent in Konya (now Turkey), formerly known as the Rum (Rome). His father, Bahauddin Walad Muhammad ibn Hussein, was a great scholar of Hanafi bermadzhab. Because of the high charisma and mastery of his religion, he declared a Sulthanul Scholars (King scholars). But the title caused jealousy on the part of other scholars. They also launched a libel and complaint to the authorities Bahauddin. The ruling affected up to leave Balkh Bahauddin, including his family. When Rumi was only five years old.

Since then Bahauddin with his family life moving from one country to another. They had lived in Sinabur (northeast Iran). From Sinabur moved to Baghdad, Mecca, Malattya (Turkey), Laranda (southeastern Iran) and the last settled in Konya, Turkey. King Kaiqubad Alauddin Konya, Rumi's father raised his counselor and also picked as the head of a religious institution founded in the capital. In this city of Rumi's father also died when the 24-year-old Rumi. In addition to his father, Rumi was also studied to Burhanuddin Muhaqqiq at-Turmudzi, friends and his father's successor to lead the school. Rumi was also studied in Sham (Syria) on the advice of his teacher. He just returned to Konya in 634 AH, and to teach at the university. After Burhanuddin died, Rumi succeeded him as teacher in Konya. Besides being a teacher, he also became preachers and scholars of Islamic law. When it was in Konya, a lot of scholars gathered and then Konya became the science center and a gathering place for scholars from around the world.

As a leader Sufi, Rumi was opposed deification of reason and the senses in determining the truth. In his time, Muslims are being affected by the disease. For reasonable mengagulkan group, the new truth can be considered successful if achieved by the senses and reason. Everything that is not tangible by the senses and reason, they quickly denied and not acknowledged. In fact, according to Rumi, it was kind of thinking that could undermine faith in something unseen. And because of the influence of such thinking is also, belief in all nature invisible, who taught a variety of laws and a variety of divine religions, can become unstable.

Rumi said, "The orientation of the senses in establishing any religious nature is an idea pioneered Mu'tazila group. They are slaves submissive to the five senses. They thought she was included Ahlussunnah. In fact, the real Ahlussunnah absolutely not tied to the senses , and did not want to spoil. " For Rumi, unfit negate something just because they never see her or have never touched the senses. Truly mind will always be hidden behind the birth, such as the healing benefits contained in the drug. "Actually, the birth was always indicate that something is stored, hidden behind him. Did not you know drugs that work? Not useful hidden in it?" Rumi firm.

Kesufian and kepenyairan Rumi began when he was 48 years old. Previous Rumi was a scholar who led a madrasa student who had as many as 4,000 people. As a scholar, he also gave fatwas and pedestal ummatnya to ask and complain. Kesufiannya that when he met a Sufi wanderer, aka Shams Shamsuddin of Tabriz. At one point, as usual in front of Rumi's teaching and lots of audience asked him a question. Suddenly a strange man of Shams of Tabriz - come to ask, "What is riyadhah and science?" Hear questions like that Rumi was impressed. He was not able to answer. Next Rumi met Tabriz. After hanging out a while he began to wonder to Tabriz who was a Sufi. He was talking and arguing about things with Tabriz. They like living in the room for days.

Rumi's son Sultan Salad, commenting on his father's behavior, "Truly, a great teacher suddenly becomes a small pupil. Every day the professor should be studied from him, although he was quite pious and zuhud. In the self-Tabriz, the great teacher saw content knowledge that no peerless. " Rumi was subject to her new teacher. In the eyes of Tabriz was absolutely perfect and then failing to Rumi's teaching duties. Consequently, many students are protesting and they accuse the stranger that the culprits. Because of fear of slander and fear for the safety of himself, Tabriz and then quietly left Konya and it makes Rumi's grief-ridden. He just locked himself in the house and also not willing to teach. Tabriz which was heard calling and then send letters of Rumi. Because the feeling returned to find his teacher, the passion of Rumi rose again and began to teach again. A few moments later he sent his son Sultan Salad find Tabriz in Damascus. Through his son Rumi would like to express regret and apologies for the actions of students and teachers to ensure safety when pleasing return to Konya.

By granting the request of Rumi, Tabriz returned to Konya. Berasyik Rumi and start re-absorbed by Tabriz. Gradually the students seem to feel neglected again and they began to appear unhappy to Tabriz. Again, travelers Sufi tacitly left Rumi because of fear of libel. Although Rumi searching Tabriz to Damascus did not come back. Sufi Rumi has become her social blessing to Tabriz. Sadness and longing to meet again with his teacher that had contributed to his emotional development, so that it becomes a difficult poet matched. To commemorate and flattering his teacher that he writes poetry himpunannya later known as the Divan-i Shams-i Tabriz. He bukukan discourse-discourse that the teacher and the book known by the name Maqalat Shams-i Tabriz.

Rumi then get friends and new inspiration, Hisamuddin Sheikh Hasan ibn Muhammad. The instigation of his friend he had during the last 15 years of his life produced a large set of poetry and admirable named Masnavi-i. This book consists of six volumes and contains 20,700 verses of poetry. In this work looks the teachings of Sufism is conveyed deep in the form of apology, fables, legends, anecdotes, and others. Other written works are Ruba'iyyat (quatrain stanza number 1600), Maa feehi feehi (in prose is a set of lectures on Sufism) and Maktubat (the set of his letters to friends or followers). Along with all Hisamuddin Sheikh Sufi Rumi develop Maulawiyah or Jalaliyah. The order is in the West known as The Whirling Dervishes (The Darwisy the Whirling in circles). The name arises because the adherents of this congregation to dance around to the accompaniment of drums and flutes in their dhikr to reach ecstasy.

And all mankind will surely return to Him, so what happened to Rumi. Konya residents suddenly stricken anxiety because of the news that they are role models Rumi ill. Despite suffering from ill thoughts of Rumi still appeared clarity. A friend came to visit and mendo'akan "May God give peace to you pleased with the healing." Rumi had said "If you believe in and being nice, it would mean the death of either. But there are also infidels death and bitter." In the End 5 Jumadil 672 H at the age of 68 years of Rumi's death. When the body was about to depart, the local people crowded to watch. That's departure ummatnya respected person.

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